Educational system in Canada


 

 

Higher education in Canada is considered one of the best in the world. Many experts put it on the 2nd place after the US. Four Canadian universities included in the top 100 best universities in the world, five business schools - in the top 100 best business schools in the world. Every year, Canada accepts more than 200 000 foreign students and this figure is growing annually. To date, 13 Canadian provinces, there are more than 260 universities that offer students training for a very wide range of specialties. The Canadian high schools enrolled about 1.8 million students. According to the latest data available for the 2010-2011 year, more than 6,000 Ukrainian students studying in Canada.



In Canada, there are two types of higher education institutions: the state (public) and private (private). The largest and most well-known are the state universities. Common Ministry of Education in Canada, not all universities are subject to provincial governments where they are located. Most universities are called "university" and "college". They differ from each other so that the colleges do not have the right to assign a master's degree (Masters degree) and Doctor of Science (PhD), is the prerogative of the universities. Universities are divided according to the profile: universities / colleges, technical institutes, art colleges, military colleges and others. Traditionally, the colleges more accentuated on the job and career (working knowledge), and the universities of science (theoretical knowledge). Vocational education is provided by colleges and technical institutes. Research carried out in universities: more than 1/3 of all the scientific research conducted at the university.


The school year begins in Canadian universities 2-3 times a year: January, May or September. This convenience and contrast the Canadian higher education system from ours. It is worth noting that in winter you can not do all the specialization, the bulk, for example, all of the program for the degree of bachelor, master, starting in the fall. But the majority of training programs such as Post Graduate (1-2 years), which are so popular among our students, starting two or three times a year.

 


Graduates are awarded the following academic degrees and qualifications:

 

Degree / Qualification

Terms of Education Descriptions
Certificate 0,5-1 year Unusual for us qualification degree "certificate" is typical for the North American education system. Certificate - this is a short, practical skills in a narrow field. Accordingly, the students receive a certificate - a practice willing to immediately use the knowledge and skills in the work. As a rule, the preparation of certificates may at colleges, technical institutes. Certificates are of two types: undergraduate and postgraduate. Undergraduate certificate can be compared with, intelligible to us, diploma vocational school. Poslediplomnyye certificate - this is more in-depth training courses that are available only to students who have a bachelor's degree.
Diploma 1-3 years This level of qualification is similar to the "Certificate", but the "Diploma" is characterized by a large absorption, the duration of study and comprehension of more complex fields. Diplomas can be assigned, and colleges and universities. The diplomas are also of two kinds: undergraduate and postgraduate.

Bachelor

(BA, BSc)

 3-4 years The degree is awarded after training at a college or university, and in line with our understanding of the full finished higher education. There are several types of bachelor's degree, it is the most famous.
  1. Bachelor of Arts (BA) is a Bachelor of human science, awarded to students who have graduated from humanities, natural sciences, mathematics faculties of universities
  2. Bachelor of Science (BSc) is a Bachelor of exact sciences, is awarded to students who have graduated from technical college.

Most of the students are graduating with a BA, and get a job or get a "Certificate", "Certificate". Only a small proportion of students goes to the magistracy.

Master 1-3 years This degree is awarded only after the master degree at the university. There are several types of master's degrees, the most famous is:
  1. Master of Arts (MA) – BA, awarded to students who have graduated from humanities, natural sciences, mathematics faculties of universities.
  2. Master of Science (MSc) – BSc, is awarded to students who have graduated from technical college.

As a rule, go to the magistracy students wishing to devote himself to science and research.

Doctor of Medicine (MD) 3-4 года This degree corresponds to our understanding of a doctor, a medical university graduate. In Canada, applicants wishing to become physicians must, as a rule, have a degree of Bachelor of Science, that is, to do after school is impossible. After 3-4 years of training future doctors in the University held a 2-year practice in the internship. After the final test future doctor obtains a license and starts to work.

 

Education is carried out on a full-time, part-time, distance learning forms. In addition, there are forms of education are not typical for Europe and Ukraine: fast track and the co-op education. The first involves the accelerated training, for example, when the program 2-year course of study studied for 1 year. Second - it is a form of learning in which the theoretical lessons in the classroom are alternated with the real work in the factories.

On the full-time form of education students attend classes on weekdays, 3-5 days a week. Students can form their own training schedule, recording on courses and visiting them in a convenient time. The study is based on a credit system, where for each subject is calculated a few credits. In the year you need to dial a certain number of credits to successfully complete the school year and move on to the next course. A large part of learning associated autonomous mastery of information, is deeply integrated into the Internet, which requires students to a high self-organization. Essays and other homework done remotely via the Internet. The concept "study group", where for 4-5 years alongside students studying in Canada is absent.
Part-time form of education is not available for international students. In the correspondence department can study only Canadian citizens or persons with a residence permit in Canada.


The school year consists of two or three semesters: winter, summer and autumn. The winter semester lasts from the beginning of January to the end of April. Summer semester - from early May to mid-August. Fall semester - from September 2 to the end of December. At the end of each semester to be exams. On average, 3-4 is studntov exam each session. The total duration of the school year about thirty weeks.


The educational process consists of lectures, practical classes, laboratory works. Lectures and workshops are very interesting, because the students are actively involved in the process through discussions, deliberations, decisions of cases, tasks, etc.


Each province in Canada has its own system of evaluation of students' knowledge. For example, this system is common in Ontario:

  • perfect (A), 80% and higher;
  • very good (B), 70-79%;
  • good (C), 60-69%;
  • satisfactorily (D), 50-59%;
  • unsatisfactorily (F) 49% and lower.

 

Education in Canadian universities is conducted in both English and French. French Education is less common in Canada as completely French-speaking province of Quebec is the only.

 


Tuition fees in Canadian universities "starts" from 10 000 Canadian dollars per year. On average, in the English language training costs 13 000 - 14 000 Canadian dollars per year. The quality of teaching is one of the highest in the world. The quality of higher education Canada ranks 2nd among the developed countries (OECD).

 


Diplomas Canadian institutions of higher learning recognized in all countries of the world. The level of trust and recognition of diplomas in the world of Canadian college and university diplomas are comparable to those obtained in the US, UK and Australia. Additional confirmation of them is not required.

 

 



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